The United States will submit to the UN Security Council on Thursday a draft resolution that would expand sanctions against North Korea over its latest nuclear test, a spokesman for the USA mission to the United Nations said.
This was the statement provided by the White House on Wednesday, February 24. However, China reportedly was not willing to accept the sort of stringent sanctions the United States called for, and the talks dragged on for over a month with little progress.
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Ms Power said the sanctions would also ban the sale of small arms and other conventional weapons to North Korea, closing a loophole in earlier resolutions. And I think that’s been a source of frustration.
While it has become increasingly critical of the North’s nuclear and missiles programs, it prizes stability on the Korean peninsula.
“We remain clear-eyed about the prospects of an immediate change in DPRK’s behavior but we have seen how robust sanctions can alter a government’s unsafe nuclear ambitions in other contexts”, Power said, referring to North Korea by the abbreviation for its official name, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
The U.S. had already been in negotiations with China over North Korea’s nuclear capabilities when North Korea conducted a nuclear test in January, which it claimed to be a hydrogen bomb.
Power said that the new sanctions would make it much harder for the North to raise the funds, import the technology, and acquire the know-how to advance its illicit nuclear and ballistic missile programs.
“It might look like China is cooperating, but that’ll just be on the surface”, said Kim Dong-yub at Kyungnam University’s Institute of Far Eastern Studies in Seoul.
In addition, the resolution would impose financial sanctions targeting North Korean banks and assets, ban aviation and rocket fuel supplies to the North, and ban the North’s exports of coal, iron, gold, titanium and rare earth minerals, she said.
She said she hoped the council would vote on the draft very soon.
After a raft of measures were adopted to restrict trade, banking and even ban luxury goods, the panel said it found “no indications that the country intends to abandon its nuclear and ballistic missile programs”.
Chinese state media outlets have carried articles during recent years accusing Washington of stoking tensions with North Korea purely to create a pretext for expanding America’s military footprint in the region.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi on Thursday underscored his concerns about the long range of a powerful US radar that could be deployed in South Korea along with an advanced missile defense system and said Washington should explain its plans.
He said the decision was ultimately up to South Korea, and China understood the desire of the United States and South Korea to ensure the defense of their own countries.
Investigations by the panel showed that Pyongyang has been successful at sanctions-busting, but the experts also faulted United Nations member-states, particularly in Africa, for failing to fully implement the measures.