Scott Kelly, Researchers Talk One-Year Spaceflight


Astronauts on the Space Station do a fair number of tasks by following specific instructions, so being able to have those instructions laid out in an easy-to-use augmented reality interface could be invaluable.

The yearlong stay on the International Space Station was Kelly’s fourth space mission – his previous stint on the space station, which ended in 2011, was 159 days.
What did Scott Kelly do in space for a year? NASA Administrator Charles Bolden said in a press release that this data will help us “take one giant leap toward putting boots on Mars”.
“I’ve been very busy since I got back, so I don’t think it’s really hit me yet”, he said. However, Kelly himself predicted that he would not fly again with the space agency.
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Fresh from a year in space, NASA astronaut Scott Kelly said Friday his muscles and joints ache.
The world’s thin shield of atmosphere “makes you more of an environmentalist after spending so much time looking down”, he said.
The primary objective of the one-year mission was to better understand how humans respond to long-duration spaceflight which astronauts will necessarily experience on a voyage to Mars. He held his first post-flight news conference Friday, drawing a crowd at Johnson Space Center. The other investigations ran the gamut, from life science to technological investigations.
When astronaut Scott Kelly’s space capsule touched down in Kazakhstan, it was a familiar scene to Mark Kelly, who is a retired astronaut and Scott’s identical twin. The in-flight samples were taken on the space station, frozen, and shipped back to Earth via the SpaceX Dragon cargo vehicle, and can reach the lab within 48 hours after the vehicle lands.
One of the tests that will be conducted upon Kelly’s arrival at the Ellington Field in Houston, Texas, will be how the body was affected during a prolonged spaceflight.
Initially, he felt better than last time, but that quickly changed. “I never felt completely normal up there, but coming back to gravity is harder than leaving gravity”. His skin is so sensitive it burns when he sits or walks.
And as Kelly has said, the 1.5 inches he gained in height in zero gravity have already disappeared.
Late at night on March 2, Kelly landed in the Kazakhstan desert with fellow astronauts Mikhail Kornienko and Sergey Volkov, marking the official end of their “Year in Space” mission. His longtime girlfriend and NASA public affairs officer Amiko Kauderer worked on them as a project with him. “Maybe we have a propulsion system that gets us there faster – I think we know enough and we’re close enough”.
While his unique view of our planet captivated hundreds of thousands of people, it also gave Kelly an insight into the fragility of Earth.
When Kelly successfully grew zinnias aboard the space station, the news flashed around the planet.
To meet the challenge, Scott Kelly said he looked at the mission not as a single chunk of time, but as a series of milestones. We need to take care of the air we breathe and the water we drink. “And I do believe we have an impact on that and we do have the ability to change it, if we make the decision to”.
Kelly, however, will have to be closely monitored by NASA doctors for a year to observe the effects of his extended mission in space on his body. “It’s practically everything to us, and the space station is a great vantage point to observe it”, he said, also commenting on the large swaths of pollution he saw at times.